ITCS Conference Report|
Bible code pioneers including Professors Eliyahu Rips and Robert Haralick, Art Levitt, Dr. Alex Rotenberg, Leib Schwartzman and Dr. Moshe Katz were among the presenters at the fifth annual convention of the International Torah Codes Society (ITCS) June 11 and 12, in Jerusalem. We are indebted to Yochanan Spielberg of TorahSoft for this report on the meetings.
Members of the ITCS heard talks on the latest scientific research conducted in the field of Bible codes over the past year. Two major ground-breaking papers were presented and four additional papers involving systematic studies on particular codes patterns or subject material.
Dr. Eliyahu Rips presented a major scientific paper applying Shannon's entropy theory of information to the Bible code phenomena. This theory he applies to the study of individual occurrences of very long meaningful phrases found encoded in the Bible text. The theory is modified for the Hebrew language, which does not include either vowel characters or the distinction of upper or lower case letters, and has many spellings that could derive from more than one root word. One of the long phrase examples that Dr. Rips showed is: "Cursed is Bin Laden and revenge is for the Messiah." A second is "the judgment of justice for Arafat is waiting¯it is death." Using the Shannon entropy calculation the probability of finding such meaningful phrases was found to be less than 1 in 100,000 for each find.
Prof. Rips concluded that he believes the entropy method may be another technique for Bible codes analysis, in addition to the WRR algorithm Monte Carlo method previously developed and currently used.
Haralick Presents Study
Prof. Robert Haralick presented new research further expanding the original ground-breaking results of Eliyahu Rips and Doron Witztum (Statistical. Science, 1994) by adding in the results of Brendan McKay's published paper (McKay, Bar-Natan, Bar-Hillel, Kalai, op. cit. 1999) and comparing the results. The experiment was done both in the Bible text and in Tolstoy's War and Peace. The results further strengthened the first papers contention that encoded words do appear in the Biblical text, and do not occur in Tolstoy's War and Peace. These results answer criticisms that have been since raised disproving counterclaims made by the critics. The new research works to effectively disprove the "wriggle room" explanation of the Bible codes phenomenon, originally proposed by Prof. Barry Simon of the California Institute of Technology.
The new experiment makes use of a proof by contradiction. The basic contention of the "wriggle room" argument is that some of the names and/or dates used in the original WRR experiment were either intentionally or unintentionally manipulated in order to make the experiment work. The assumption is then, that if the correctly spelled non-manipulated names and/or dates were used, then the original experiment would not have worked.
This argument implies that if the correctly spelled names and/or dates were added to the original experimental data, the new result would be worse than the original (manipulated) result. This result would imply that encoded code words do not in fact exist in the Torah¯or that the original experimental results were false.
If, on the other hand, adding in the correctly spelled names and/or dates to the original data gave a new result which is better or no worse than the original result, this would indicate that the original results were correct and encoded code words do exist in the Torah. This is turn would imply that the original experimental results were true.
In this experiment Dr. Haralick added in the Rabbi's names as spelled in the experiment of McKay, et.al., to the list of names and dates used in the WRR experiment. The new longer list of match pairs was tested both in the Torah text and in War and Peace.
The results show that the new combined list gave better, significant results in the Bible text, and worse, non-significant results in "War and Peace." The clear implication is that there are encoded words in the Bible text, and the "War and Peace" text is not encoded.
These results support the integrity of the original Rips, Witztum, Rosenberg paper and cast doubt on the objections of the McKay, et.al., response.
A revised version of the presentation can be viewed or downloaded from the Bible Search Pro website.
Second Haralick Paper Presented
Prof. Haralick presented a second paper discussing a unique phenomenon found in many Bible code studies. Much of what is encoded in the Biblical text is found to be encoded multiple times¯each time at better than average probabilities. This result, which is shown to be statistically relevant in the original Rips, Witztum and Rosenberg study, is not found in the McKay, et. al., study in "War and Peace."
What does "redundant matches" mean in this context? Many of the code pairs that are found encoded in close proximity in the biblical text are found encoded in close matches not just one time, but two, three, four or more times with each occurrence being in a different matrix table in the Bible. This acts as a differentiator between the Bible study and the subsequent rebuttal argument¯perhaps explaining a fundamental difference between true encoded finds and random coded occurrences. Probability (p) values of better than 1/2000 were found using the new technique. To see a revised version of the paper visit the Bible Search Pro website.
Art Levitt spoke about deeper codes structures found in the Torah. His talk, entitled, "Non-Redundant Redundancies," examined the occurrence of multiple close encoding of keywords that may not otherwise be statistically measurable.
He means by this that one sees the same patterns of key words in different places in the text, or in different types of Bible codes experiments. One type of common redundancy is a topic that is repeated. For example, he showed examples of the words "Twin towers" and "Bin Laden" repeated in several different tables. He also found related terms of "revenge" and "messiah" in several places. Another table revealed Bin Laden twin towers and "terror attack." Although it may not be possible to calculate accurately the probability of any one such find, the combination of all of the finds together Mr. Levitt finds to be significant.
Another example is a study first worked on by Prof. Eliyahu Rips. In this study he looked for word phrases consisting of a noun followed by the word 'G-d'. Examples are 'man of G-d', 'angel of G-d', and 'altar of G-d'. In a large number of cases (25 out of 29) the same phrase was found skip-encoded in the text near the plain text phrase itself. Sometimes, he was able to find multiple occurrences of the phrase of interest appearing parallel to each other, or even co-linearly in the same table. He calculated the chances of such a result to be somewhere between one out of a hundred, and one out of a thousand.
Dr. Alex Rotenberg continued his series of studies finding Bible codes connections between Jewish history and customs, and closely related passages in the Bible. He reported this year on a Bible codes connection between the special confessional prayer -- the 'Ashamnu' or 'vidui', and the only direct reference to this prayer in the Five Books of Moses. The 22-phrase vidui confessional prayer is said as part of the Jewish liturgy on the High Holidays of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. The only direct reference to this prayer is found in the description of the High Priest's service on Atonement Day, in Leviticus 16:6.
Dr. Rotenberg for this study looked for Bible code occurrences of all 22 phrases of the Ashamnu prayer plus the word Vidui, and looked to see which verse of the book of Leviticus these 23 Bible encoded sequences came out closest to. Of the 859 verses in the book of Leviticus, the verse telling of High Priest's atonement ranked second - or 2 out of 859.
If either of the phrases, 'mitvadeh alaiv' (make atonement for him) or 'tefilah' (prayer) are added to the experiment, a new experiment is recorded. Then, with a list of 24 phrases, the Leviticus verse comes in number one, both in Leviticus (1 out of 859 verses) and also throughout all of the 5 Books taken together (1 out of 5881 verses).
Dr. Rotenberg calculated the odds of this Bible code connection to be approximately 1 out of 1000.
The Arab-Israeli crisis through the eyes of Biblical prophecy
Leib Schwartzman discussed a series of Bible codes matrices that he found connecting well-known prophetic passages in the Torah with shortest skip occurrences of code words related to those same prophetic verses. Several of those verse-matrix tableaus he related to the current troubles in the Middle East between the Arabs and the Jewish people, connecting them to the age long struggle between Ishmael and Eisav -Edom against Jacob-Israel.
Several of the examples that he brought are: 1) The phrase 'lo am' - 'a nation that is not a nation' 'will rise up against you' is often understood to refer to prophesized troubles at the end of days. Near that same verse, M. Schwartzman found the phrase 'lo am she'kam' - 'a non nation arose' - and 'am she'lo am' - 'a people that is not a people' - encoded, along with the phrases 'b'nei Edom' - 'sons of Edom', and 'oyvei ami' - 'enemies of my people'. He drew a connection to the Palestinians, as a people that historically have
never been a nation, having only in the last 60-100 years migrated to Israel-Palestine from Syria, Egypt, Kurdistan and other Islamic states. This migration only took place after the local economic development that accompanied the Zionist movement from the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.
2) The phrases 'yerushas ami' - 'the inheritance of my people', 'ami yerusha' - 'my people will inherit', are found near the argument between Eisav and Jacob over their father's blessing for the land of Israel. He asks, "Is this not the continuation of the same argument that we are witnessing today?"
3) The phrase 'hagalut tamah - yavo mar' - 'the exile will end [and] and the master [Messiah] will come' - is found near the phrase 'nachon 5766' - 'it is true for the year 2006'. Both coded phrases are found near the prophecy of the sorcerer Bilaam - 'and a star will come forth from Jacob and a tribe will be established from Israel (Num. 24:17), prophesizing, perhaps, more profound historical events to come in the years ahead.
Dr. Moshe Katz - the Lost Tribes in the Bible code
Dr. Moshe Katz spoke regarding Bible code finds connecting Dan, one of the lost tribes of Israel, with the current day Falashas - Jews - of Ethiopia. He brought connections from references in the allegorical exegesis between the ancient text, "The Book of Eldad HaDani," the Jewish legal Responsa of Rabbi David ben Zimra (the Radvaz), and an allegorical story from the Bible of Moses. Dr. Katz brought some unique Bible codes finds to confirm connections that he found in the various sources.
Read about the latest research of Prof. Eliyahu Rips, Prof. Robert Haralick, and other researchers. Links to some of the papers presented and audio recordings are also included.
Thirdly, news of our new MS Agent enhanced web-site, www.biblesearchpro.com is reported, where you can find free audio recordings of speakers from the ITCS conference and a video of historian Dr. David Kranzler, speaking about Rabbi Chaim M.D. Weissmandel, the modern day discoverer of the Bible code.
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